Global Equities signalling Major Bullish Thrusts

In this report, I will discuss the following three topics:

(1) Exactly one month ago, I noted Emerging Markets were in a historic panic. Since then, they have slowly stabilized and rallied ahead of U.S., Europe and Japan. As I’ll present today, the rally in EM looks similar to the start of prior Major Bull markets.

(2) In a stunning new development, last week produced significant and compelling evidence that a Major Global Equity extension rally has ALSO started in the U.S., Europe and Japan. Today’s charts will show a powerful combination of Price & Breadth Thrusts has triggered simultaneously in every Major Global developed market.

(3) Throughout the report I’ll discuss potential implications of these signals, while also presenting various scenarios and areas of research going forward.

PART 1: EMERGING MARKETS TURNING UP FROM A HISTORIC BOTTOM

In chronological order:

On August 19, my EM Core Trend Model turned up from a historic oversold level. This was a critical signal I was tracking in my August report. I shared this chart on August 20 on Twitter, as critical initial evidence for a potential Major bottom in EM unfolding.

Image

Also on August 19, my Mexico MEXBOL Core Trend Model turned up from a historic oversold level. Similar turns identified most major bottoms since 2008 with only one failure (sideways from 4Q17-4Q18).

On August 21, 67% of South Korea KOSPI stocks triggered a MACD Buy Signal. I tweeted this chart the following day: “Starting to show signs of life… Similar to some historic bottoms. Look for a base to form, setting up potential Major rally.”

Image

On August 23, 72% of Hong Kong HSI stocks triggered a MACD Buy Signal. I wrote: “One of the biggest spikes of all time. ALL TEN priors led to massive 6-12M gains. Only one made new lows first (2015). Look for a base to form, setting up potential Major rally.”

Image

On August 29, 60% of Mexico MEXBOL stocks triggered a MACD Buy Signal. This confirmed the Core Trend Model Buy signal that had triggered ten days prior. I wrote: “One of the biggest spikes of all time. Seen at some historic bottoms, including both final bottoms in 2008. Look for a base to form, setting up potential Major rally.”

Image

Taken together, the massive number of signals in EM were indicating strong signs of a historic turn, similar to the start of prior Major Bull markets.

But EM alone wouldn’t be enough to carry Global Stocks higher…

PART 2: MAJOR BULL MARKET THRUSTS IN U.S., EUROPE AND JAPAN

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THRUSTS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS

Several legendary market technicians such as Wayne Whaley, Marty Zweig and Walter Deemer have studied the behavior of Price, Breadth and Volume Thrusts. While there are many important variations and calculations, Thrusts ultimately all measure the same thing — a rare but extremely important moment in time when Stock Buyers (demand) are overwhelming Stock Sellers (supply) for a sustained period, usually a few weeks. This extreme Buying is typically seen after Major Stock Market bottoms but can ALSO occur as Stocks are breaking out from extended consolidation periods.

Which brings us to what’s happening today…

UNITED STATES

Last week, U.S. Stocks triggered their SECOND Major Breadth Thrust of the year. This is one of several Major Breadth Thrust signals I track for the S&P 500 index (this specific one is based on Wayne Whaley’s PTA work). The first Thrust came right after the December 2018 bottom, a Major rally initiation signal.

I shared this chart on Twitter on September 16, noting “similar strength was seen in 2013 and 2016 as Stocks broke out of identical 2-year ranges. A new Bull Market extension rally may have begun, marking the end of the 20-month volatile trading range which began January 2018.”

Image

Later that day I added that “the entire market is showing massive strength. NYSE Composite triggered only the 5th Major Thrust in over a decade. Note the base at the highs. Russell 2000 triggered only the 6th Major Thrust in over a decade.” [*Note my NYSE Composite data is for Common Stocks only, sourced from my own proprietary database going back to the 1940s.]

Image
Image

Now let’s add some charts I’ve never shown before:

Last week nearly half of Russell 2000 Stocks spiked above their Upper Band – a potential rally initiation signal identical to the ones last seen in 2011-2013 and 2016. This is a textbook type of Thrust within the category of Price Thrusts.

Also last week, nearly a third of Nasdaq Composite Stocks spiked above their Upper Band – another textbook rally initiation signal similar to the ones last seen in 2011-2013 and 2016.

So many Thrusts triggered across the major U.S. Indexes & Sectors that it may be impossible to cover them efficiently in a single report. The key message is — that the weight of the signal evidence suggests the U.S. market is in broad directional alignment and starting a potential historic Bull Market extension run.

JAPAN

Last week, nearly 70% of Nikkei Stocks spiked above their Upper Bands – an extremely powerful Price Thrust (rally initiation) signal last seen 2009, 2013 and 2014 – the start of historic runs in Japanese Stocks. Many thanks to @Reflexivity27 on Twitter for giving me the chart idea here, originally using the TOPIX index.

Further on Japan, last week nearly 80% of Nikkei Stocks made a new 4-Week high – another extremely powerful Thrust (rally initiation) signal last seen 2009, 2013 and 2014 – the start of historic runs in Japanese Stocks.

These Thrusts are coming right after a historic capitulation in Japanese Stocks:

Japan has been completely abandoned by Foreign Investors. This mass capitulation is how the last two major Bull markets started. Last week’s Thrusts should mark the beginning of a historic revival in appetite for Japan Stocks, adding massive fuel to the Bull run. The Nikkei quietly gained almost +4% last week, the TOPIX almost +5%, and the TOPIX Banks almost +9%. Very few people were talking about this.

Image

Further, Nikkei Volume is now starting to wake up from its slumber (original chart here). Note the initial Volume spike turning the moving average back up. This is a potential Major rally initiation pattern similar to 2013, 2014 and 2016. The buying stampede may have begun, likely aided by Foreign Investors rushing back into the market.

Critically, note these Thrusts are triggering right as the Nikkei appears to be completing a Major base at the prior highs from 1994-2015. In other words what was previously resistance for three decades may now be support. Meanwhile note the Monthly MACD curling up, in preparation for what could eventually turn into a Bullish cross identical to 2016. This cross would likely confirm a massive Bull market extension rally.

The Nikkei’s massive three-decade base is even more interesting on a Weekly scale, adding the 200-week moving average as a trend gauge. Note how the Nikkei just formed a double bottom on its rising 200wma, an almost identical repeat of the 2016 bottoming pattern. If this historic base is complete, could we soon enter the STEEPEST part of the price advance? This would be compatible with a market that has been totally abandoned by investors and beginning to show historic Thrust behavior.

EUROPE

The DAX just triggered one of the biggest Breadth Thrusts of the decade.

To save space I won’t show the full Europe signal list here. Rather, let’s look at some new ideas — for instance, the unique trend potential that’s ALREADY in place in Europe:

Below, the DAX has already completed a Monthly Bull cross at the zero line. This is a potential historic opportunity in the making, not just in the DAX but also across the entire European continent, as every other Major index has also completed a similar pattern (SX5E, FTSEMIB, CAC, to name a few).

Looking at the DAX’s weekly chart, note the completed Base at the 200wma and now in full 1-2 launch sequence. This is the identical pattern noted in the Nikkei earlier. Also note the Weekly MACD crossing up from the zero line. All time frames (M/W/D) are aligned to the Bull side, with Major Thrusts in place, and almost no one has any European Equity exposure (see chart on EU Equity exposure here).

Taking a last look at Europe, note the SX5E weekly chart with a box consolidation at the 200wma. Similar to the DAX, the weekly and monthly gauges have also turned up. Europe could finally have the energy to break its multi-year resistance line and trigger a Major Bull Market extension rally.

IN SUMMARY,

The weight of the evidence suggests Global Markets are in broad alignment and starting a potential historic Bull Market extension rally. Short-term moves notwithstanding, markets are sending a powerful message of strength which should be respected.

Historically, prior Bull Markets typically ended with epic rallies, usually lasting several months and with every region in the world participating. While it’s impossible to know if this Bull Market will follow the same script, one thing seems absolutely clear – almost no one is ready for such an outcome.

I believe this theme is of such critical importance, I’ll continue to focus on these major signals and share what I’m seeing here and on Twitter — so stay tuned.

Thanks for reading.

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues, subscribe to the Blog to receive future updates, and follow me on Twitter for daily charts: @MacroCharts.

Emerging Markets in a Historic Panic

There’s no other way to describe what’s currently happening in Emerging Markets.

To get everyone up to speed, I will start this post with some charts I shared on Twitter over the last week, and then share some new charts (never seen before), tying everything together at the end and making the case for a major potential opportunity in EM.

In chronological order:

On August 6, 61% of Stocks in the South Korea KOSPI Index hit oversold RSIs. Only two other times in history were more oversold: (1) The four trading days from October 24-29 2008 which included the KOSPI’s exact final bottom of the Bear market (October 27). (2) The only other day, October 29 2018, was the exact day the KOSPI bottomed last year. So far, August 6 was the exact day of the bottom in KOSPI for this year.

Also on August 6, 47.23% of Stocks in the South Korea KOSPI Index made new 52-Week Lows. I shared the below chart on Twitter with the following comments: in nearly 20 years, just ten days had more than 45% of Korean stocks at 52-Week Lows. August 6 was the 9th most oversold day in data history. The most recent spike (2018) led to an +18% rally. The other spikes (2003, 2008, 2011) led to career-making rallies.

On August 13 and 14, a historic 76% of Stocks in the Hong Kong HSI Index (H-Shares) hit oversold RSIs. This was one of the most negative extremes ever. Incredibly, H-Shares were nearly as oversold as their 2008 lows. Including last week, in the last 18 years just seven total days had more than 75% of H-Shares with Oversold RSIsLast Tuesday and Wednesday were the #5 and #6 most oversold days in history. After those spikes, a common pattern was for the market to spend some weeks forming a base, eventually transitioning to a multi-month rally. So far, August 14 was the closing low in the H-Shares index.

Now let’s look at some NEW charts that I researched and saved specifically for this report today:

My Emerging Markets Intermediate Breadth Oscillator is extremely compressed. Similar to the prior charts, this indicator shows the net amount of EM Stocks declining has reached nearly historic oversold levels. In most prior cases, this created a “ball held underwater” situation where EM Stocks ultimately responded with an extremely sharp rally. In some cases, a historic rally.

EEM ETF. Here too, we are witnessing history being made. This is the most liquid, most popular EM ETF in the world. And its NAV discount has reached one of biggest extremes of all time, indicating EM traders want to “sell at any price”This panic condition has produced some of the biggest bottoms in history, including the exact 2008 low, which was just barely more extreme than today.

My EM Core Trend Model is at major oversold Buy levels, already below the region where all EM bottoms formed since 2009. It’s important to mention that risk remains elevated while the model is still declining. Still, I’m looking for a turn up in the model to provide a clue that an important bottom has been made. The oversold conditions are so broad and historic, it’s possible that EM (particularly H-Shares and KOSPI) are bottoming before U.S. Markets. Hold that thought for now and I’ll talk more about this later.

As would be expected from a panic of this magnitude, the outflows have also been proportionally historic:

EEM Net Flows. Widespread selling should lay the groundwork for a bigger recovery later this year, as funds are forced to chase the recovery. Any residual price declines from here would likely make the capitulation even more extreme.

EWH Net Flows. Massive & historic outflows, second largest on record. Since this ETF’s inception 23+ years ago, the record outflow was back in 2013 during the Chinese bank liquidity crisis, when overnight SHIBOR spiked. Social mood and panic may be approaching similar proportions.

MCHI Net Flows. Biggest panic on record.

IEMG Net Flows. First outflows ever.

Next is a chart overlay of the H-Shares Index with USDHKD Risk Reversals. This shows that a wave of China Bear tourists are betting heavily against the Hong Kong Dollar in the currency options market, highlighted by the extreme and historic spike in Risk Reversal pricing. Historically, similar panics led to major bottoms in H-Shares and huge recovery rallies. I originally shared this chart on Twitter on August 14, with the following added comments: “Hong Kong’s leadership warned last week the city risked sliding into an “abyss”. With social mood and markets in mass capitulation, the bar for a recovery is very low.”

Finally, let’s take a look at two critical price charts I am watching.

HSI weekly chart held the nine-year horizontal shelf and the 200wma, closing last week with a potential Bullish hammer.

Last but not least, note how the EEM chart is potentially tracking for a bottoming scenario. I’ve been updating this scenario in real-time on Twitter over the last few weeks. Note the potential wedge structure in play – which could be missing a final mini-flush lower followed by Bullish reversal. It doesn’t have to play out exactly like this, but overall I think the message is that EM and particularly Asia Equities are close to a turn (and may have already bottomed for the most part).

IN SUMMARY,

Emerging Markets are in a historic panic — particularly Asian Equities which represent the bulk of Global EM market cap.

A major cluster of signals is coming together at this critical time, with the potential to form a historic bottom.

Additionally, since EM has been completely wiped out, it could be bottoming before U.S. Stocks. This happened many times throughout history. (*most famously, in 2001-2002 and 2008-2009). It also happened most recently in December 2018, when EEM made higher lows and continued to form a base while the S&P plunged another -16% in three weeks. I think any residual lows in U.S. markets over the next few weeks would help draw well-developed sideways/basing structures in EEM, EWH, EWY and FXI — setting up a Major Global Equity rally later this year. I believe this theme is so critical to monitor, I will dedicate the next several weeks to track and share everything I’m seeing here and on Twitter — so stay tuned.

Thanks for reading.

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues, subscribe to the Blog to receive future updates, and follow me on Twitter for daily charts: @MacroCharts.

Stocks and the Current Environment

Starting with some thoughts I tweeted on June 17:

Here’s a chart showing how extreme the selling/capitulation has been:

This is absolutely historic selling. Remember DotBust? Lehman? This is even more selling than seen at the depths of those recessions.

If a global recession is coming, it will be the most widely anticipated in history.

Everyone finally sold out perfectly at the top.

I’ve lost count of how many charts look like this, most at historic extremes. Every time I send one out, 90% of the responses are “this is 2008, crash coming”.

Take this next chart as an example:

Pretty self-explanatory. I shared it on Twitter with the following commentary:

The Russell 2000 has seen a historic wipeout in positioning (like everything else). Traders have completely abandoned this index, perhaps using it as a “hedge” against other holdings. Look at the bottom panel, showing Small Speculators in a historic selling capitulation, matched only by 2008. Extremely contrarian Bullish.

Then I added:

Now look at all the bottoms in the last 11 years. Small Traders were capitulating/selling in all of them. Forget Stocks for a moment. When Small Traders do this in any market, emotions are the primary factor. Avoid emotions, they are the enemy.

Here are some of the responses I received after posting these two charts:

“It says we are in 2008 all over again”

“Small Specs are smart money, this is right before a giant crash”

“Doesn’t matter, liquidity is falling and nothing can stop it”

“There is nothing but talk about how bearish everybody else is. Kind of funny”

“Translation: smart money leaving, dumb money overpaying”

Only one person responded to the first chart with the following:

“Looks like all were great entry points”

Every day since Stocks bottomed in early June, I continue to be surprised by how extreme the mood has become. And it’s not just the data. Even just talking to people it’s clear that a deep fear/anger has taken over. Emotions are at historic extremes.

I’ve kept a trading journal for over two decades. This is a shortened version of what I’ve observed these last few weeks:

  • Since Stocks bottomed in early June, it’s been a relentless rally only surpassed by the extreme reluctance to embrace it. Every single day it’s the same story, veiled in some fresh argument:
  • First I was told the rally was fake because it was all short-covering and not real buying. Then it was supposed to fail at resistance, as traders bought massive Puts and investors sold their longs (what little they had left) down to the bone, pushing my models to extreme oversold. As June FOMC approached, Stocks had supposedly gotten ahead of themselves and would peak on the Fed announcement. Then I was told Stocks barely rose after the announcement, which indicated buyer fatigue. The next day when Stocks exploded higher again, I was told the Fed was manipulating rates on behalf of the White House. Now with the S&P grinding highs “it’s too late to be bullish” (this is from an actual headline that came out last week). To top it off, on the day of the breakout last week, traders pulled billions out of SPY because they felt like being even more in cash.
  • Mass insanity is the only way to describe the last few weeks. The Bearish narrative is so entrenched that it still hasn’t adjusted to the fact that Stocks ran to new highs in almost a straight line. Bears were promised a recession, a deflationary bust, a trade crisis to last “the rest of our careers”, an “uninvestable anti-Tech mood”, “Tech’s glory days are over”, and “don’t take any risk in 2019” (these quotes are from various media articles published during this rally). And now, with Stocks at the highs the same people who missed the whole move say “it’s too late to be bullish”.
  • Paul Tudor Jones once said there is no training for the last third of a Bull market. There are very few people left in the business today who saw both the 2006-2007 Housing/Commodity/EM Bubble and the 1999-2000 Tech Bubble in real-time. The current environment is the complete opposite of those periods.
  • If the Bull market HASN’T ended, then it’s missing a classic “final third”.

Back to the same chart from earlier, adding some red lines:

This is the third time in this Bull market that Stocks recovered from a large correction but investor selling continued relentlessly. In 2012 and 2016, the selling persisted until Stocks had already pushed all the way back to previous highs. The following years were both massive extension rallies.

I can already hear the feedback…

“But it will end in tears just like [insert favorite year here] all over again, Short everything!”

Maybe it will end in tears. But I’m not sure that it has to end right here. One thing we can all agree on, is that history repeats itself. Just don’t forget it can also repeat itself on the upside.

IN SUMMARY…

This is one of the most extreme environments I’ve ever seen. Though I am far from certain, I think the path of maximum pain is higher. Stocks & Commodities are rising, the Dollar & Bonds may be headed lower. Central Bank liquidity is coming back, not just in the U.S. but all over the world.

Meanwhile against this backdrop, Stocks just posted the biggest first-half gain since 1997. You know what else last happened in 1997? Stocks broke to new highs with more individual investors leaning Bearish than Bullish (AAII survey). Who knows, maybe it’s time to dust off the old diary from the 1997-1999 “last third”, just in case.

Thanks for reading!

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues and subscribe to the blog to receive future updates.

The Most Important Force in Stocks

Tell me if you’ve heard this over the last ten years:

“The economy of [X] is more dependent on debt than ever before”

“Companies are issuing record debt to buy back stock, this will end badly”

“Debt is too high and the [economy/markets/savings/wealth] will [explode/implode]”

“The Bond rally is telling us something bad is coming”

Extra points if you’ve heard all of these from a market guru, famous economist, TV personality, ivy professor promoting a book, or ex-hedge fund manager with a blog.

Let me start by saying that markets don’t operate on absolutes. I’ve been trading for 25 years. In the arena every single day. In the middle of this organized chaos, I hear academics every day, taking turns shouting from the gilded seats, trying to be the one who predicts what happens next (always loud and full of confidence).

There is a simpler truth to markets. One that academics/noise-makers cannot grasp, yet all successful traders inherently understand: Sometimes things matter, other times they don’t.

A trader’s goal should be to constantly discard everything that doesn’t matter, so that what’s left is essential.

Let’s try this now, using a historical chart:

Top panel, S&P and 10-Year Yield. Bottom panel, 1-month Net Change in 10-Year Yield (2006-2019).

Now let’s add vertical red lines for every time the 10-Year Yield rises significantly over a 1-month period:

Looking above: see the spike in Yields in June 2007? That was the largest since 2004 (not shown). How about mid-2013, the Fed doing QE3/Infinity but the S&P still traded sideways from May to October, because Yields spiked three different times? Or 2015, Yields spiked twice and Stocks traded sideways for a year. Or most recently in 2018, Yields spiked in January & September and Stocks collapsed both times.

(Also notice above, how spikes have become far less frequent since 2013.)

Nothing works 100% of the time, and Yields have spiked on occasion with Stocks moving higher anyway (2016 a prime example). Nevertheless, over the last 15-20 years, rising Yields are usually bad for Stocks.

Now let’s add vertical green lines for every time the 10-Year Yield falls significantly over a 1-month period:

Recently on June 3 2019, Stocks may have formed an important bottom, after 10-Year Yields fell -47bps over the prior month. In the last four years, only one day had a bigger 1-month net drop in Yields: February 10 2016 (-51bps), which was the day before Stocks bottomed.

Once again nothing works perfectly, but Stocks generally do well after Yields fall sharply. So let’s go back to the start: is the recent Bond rally telling us something bad is coming?

Maybe.

Or maybe despite the loud chorus of sideline crisis-callers, the Bond rally may have just saved the economy (and the Stock market) yet again.

For this entire Bull market, yield declines of this magnitude have created huge runways for Stock prices to recover.

Bull trends die from inflation scares, not disinflation scares. Some of the biggest Stock corrections in recent years came after Yields rose sharply.

Equities love low-inflation/disinflationary growth. If there’s one “truth” in investing, this could be it. Disinflationary growth has kept this Stock Bull market plodding along for longer than anyone thought possible.

For more than a decade since this Bull market began, Stocks have been repeatedly hit with disinflation scares (mostly due to the Dollar rallying, like this year). Those scares pushed Yields sharply lower, clearing the way for Equities to recover, eluding the crash-callers each time. This latest Bond rally could rekindle the same old Bullish force for Stocks, right when the academics are rushing to call it a bad omen yet again.

Thanks for reading!

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues and subscribe to the blog to receive future updates.

Closing my Long USD positions

A quick background on my Dollar view:

I started buying USD-EMFX in March based on (1) my trend models suggesting a major potential move, (2) short-term momentum quietly shifting in favor of the Dollar, and (3) crowded carry positioning and extremely low volatility likely to blow up simultaneously and force deleveraging.

My main fundamental premise was that the economy was doing fine and the market was way too dovish on the Fed. At the time, consensus was looking completely the other way. The narrative was all about the “friendly Fed”. It all went out the window when Powell said low inflation is “transitory” on the May 1 FOMC – which in hindsight was also the day U.S. stocks topped and reversed.

What I’m seeing now that makes me want to rethink my Long USD view:

The Dollar’s rally is getting extremely stretched from a quantitative trend perspective. I thought it would take several months to achieve this, but it took only two. This was one of the most explosive Dollar rallies in such a short period of time, particularly against EM currencies.

The move looks unsustainable at this point – for instance here is the trend strength in USDKRW, which was my biggest Dollar-EMFX position until yesterday:

Here is the same chart for USDCNY. Look what happened to prices historically after similar extremes. A whole lot of nothing. Maybe it’s time to sell some straddles.

The Dollar’s strong momentum could have residual upside, particularly versus Asia on lingering trade war concerns, but I think it would be part of an “M-top” structure, where it chops sideways for a bigger Weekly momentum turn.

For instance, this is a USDKRW chart I tweeted yesterday:

In the chart above, note the M-top patterns in 2014, 2015, 2016 and even 2018 when the MACD got this elevated and rolled over. Incidentally the MACD finally crossed down this morning.

In summary, overall this Dollar move was much more extreme and sharp than I envisioned. Maybe this means it has more to run, particularly if the trade war escalates. Or maybe (I think) it’s close to pricing in a full-blown crisis. Asian FX & Stocks look particularly priced in, having experienced massive outflows in recent weeks. The adjustment looks mostly finished to me, and I prefer to take my hard-earned profits and move on to another opportunity…

I think the next big opportunity is to find the bottom for U.S./China stocks and get aggressive on the Long side. I’ve had this view for a couple of weeks, prices are getting close to my ideal levels and sentiment is almost in the basement. And if the Dollar’s momentum starts to slow, I think it could help underpin Stocks at the perfect time.

Thanks for reading!

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues and subscribe to the blog to receive future updates.

Equity Market & Model Review

Before we begin, a quick review of three things I think are happening:

  1. Stocks are in the midst of a 3-6M volatile sideways range. Mean reversion should be the dominant regime over the next few months. Equities are unlikely to sustain any trend.
  2. Mean-reversion goes both ways. The initial decline has already triggered significant oversold signals in my Core Models, far more than is “normal” for such a small 5% pullback.
  3. This diminishes the risk of another 2018-style collapse.

Now let’s look at some charts and see why…

My Core Equity Model has fully reset to an oversold condition. This is my most important model. It aggregates all the Equity data I run. Any residual decline could trigger a full Buy.

This is my Core Equity Risk model. It’s extremely oversold and ticking up, which triggers a Buy signal. It’s at one of the lowest points in years, matching some major bottoms in the past. Yet the S&P has only pulled back 5%.

This is my Master Flow Model. It combines all Equity flow data I monitor. It’s still falling as more investors move to the exits. Selling continued even as Stocks chopped sideways last week. Looking for a bottom near the target area (red line).

Some of my individual Core Flow models (which are inputs to the prior chart) remain at a strong Tactical Buy signal since early last week. Starting to move up.

Market on Close (MOC) order volume. Traders are selling aggressively at the close. No desire to hold overnight risk. Getting very “oversold”.

Put/Call Ratios (10d) are almost fully oversold. Still falling, no sign of improvement yet. But most of the adjustment looks complete. Sentiment has fallen significantly. Looking for a bit lower then a turn to confirm.

VIX short positioning has been cut in half. Could be moving to an extreme Long (see ideal target area). If so, the unwind is 50% finished. Or it could just go to the minimum target (similar to 2016). If so, the unwind is 75% finished. Newspaper stories are already showing more fear priced in (snippet below the chart).

Next, my Volatility Seller P&L Model. Profits have been wiped out. This was my base case scenario and it’s now complete. Things could get worse, but I think the damage would be very brief and quickly reverse, like in Brexit in 2016 for instance. I don’t think the odds favor another extreme decline, not like 2018.

AAII Survey Bears increased +16 last week. This was the sixth largest increase in ten years. The wall of worry is quickly being rebuilt, similar to 2012 & 2016 while Stocks traded near their highs. Positive for the eventual breakout and continuation of this advance.

AAII Bull-Bear Spread collapsed -29 last week. This was the third largest decline in ten years. Huge drop for such a small market pullback. The wall of worry is growing.

One reason Sentiment is falling so rapidly: Stocks are gapping down a lot in the last few weeks. It’s creating a lot of discomfort. No one wants to hold overnight exposure. It’s also driving traders to sell aggressively at the close, as I showed earlier.

Below, the negative gaps are so extreme, we’ve only seen them at the capitulation stage of much bigger declines – for instance 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2015. Mr. Market has cleverly made a 5% pullback feel like a major correction. Look for conditions to improve.

S&P short interest has risen sharply, back to the top of the range of recent years, and where Stocks typically found some support. (source: Markit)

Adding it all up, my models exhibit considerable damage for such a small 5% pullback. The correction may not be finished, but the psychological damage is already extensive.

Ultimately this reinforces my mean-reversion thesis, while diminishing the risk of another 2018-style collapse. The longer we’re stuck in this chop, the greater the likelihood that trader sentiment drops even more. Ultimately, this could set the stage for an eventual breakout, perhaps later in the year.

Thanks for reading!

If you liked this post, please share it with colleagues and subscribe to the blog to receive future updates.

The Current Stock Market Correction

In late April, nearly four months into a historic Stock rally that began in late December 2018, I tweeted some Summary thoughts and suggested plan for Q2-Q3:

I proposed two core ideas at the time. In this note today, I will focus on the first idea — Stocks. My reasoning is based on some charts that really stood out to me at the time:

First, Stocks were very extended in late April and likely to switch to a volatile mean-reverting regime. On April 29, I tweeted the below chart, showing the S&P Technology sector’s trend strength at one of the highest in history. I added that “a major corrective phase is likely to occur this year, lasting several months. Could be a topping process like 2000. Or (as I believe) a multi-month big volatile consolidation similar to 1991, 1995, 2004, 2012.”

Note the red boxes I drew above. When Stock prices move significantly in one direction for a relatively short period of time, they exhibit very high trend strength. Eventually, this reaches an extreme and the strong trend is vulnerable to exhaustion. The result is a return of two-way volatility, usually a violent sideways consolidation. This is what the red boxes show. And that was my best guess in April for what was coming.

Stocks are now correcting, but I believe we are still in a Bull market. One can never been 100% certain in markets, but I think a Bull market is still the most likely scenario. Note in the prior chart — in 1991, 1995, 2004 and 2012, Stocks rallied strongly and then consolidated bullishly for several months, ultimately moving higher.

I also think this is more likely to be a single digit correction, not another severe decline like last year. To illustrate why I think we’re in a Bull market, and why the correction should be relatively mild, I present the chart below: in late April nearly 80% of S&P stocks were trading above their 200dmas. The key condition to evaluate is: is Stock Breadth ABOVE or BELOW the 50% line?

At the time, I tweeted this chart and wrote it’s “reminiscent of the 2016 rally which reached 78% before two pullbacks that held above 50%. This is very positive longer-term. Market likely to correct through time, maybe 5-10% downside volatility next 3-6M.”

Further, notice above that the most violent declines of the last several years: August 2015, January 2016 and December 2018, all shared the same weak Breadth characteristics under 50%. (In fact this is a recurring feature of virtually every big Stock decline of the last 100 years.) Even late last year, note the red “X” in October-November 2018. That’s where Breadth failed to exceed 50% and soon after, the market collapsed in a second selling wave.

For reference, here is the same Breadth indicator from 2005-2009. Note the 2008 Bear Market began when the indicator failed under the 50% line. I marked it with a vertical line below. Soon after that, Stocks finished their topping process and began to decline in earnest. When I look back at the chart from April 2019, it’s a long way from any serious weakness and still looks like a Bull market.

I’ll add more charts next, but it’s important not to forget this simple concept illustrated above. In markets, I believe the simplest ideas are the most powerful. What is simple is often misunderstood. When I started in markets, I thought the most complex indicators would give the best results. I searched far and wide looking for answers. In those early years, my quest for more information led to an advancement in my theoretical understanding, but yielded few practical insights. When I decided to refocus on the right things, everything changed. The most important lesson I learned in those early days was: the market had been communicating the message all along, and simplifying my focus allowed me to listen.

Now let’s go one step further.

The next chart is from an idea I tweeted on May 7, where I noted the “Nasdaq Composite with roughly half its Stocks trading >200dma (red series), similar to where the initial rally topped in April 2016. Intermediate breadth weakening, just 56% trading >50dma (blue series). When this breaks below the 50% line, a correction is likely to be underway.”

Unlike S&P Breadth which as we just saw earlier, got very high at almost 80% of Stocks > 200dma, the Nasdaq Composite Breadth was much weaker and still under 50%. Below is an updated version of that chart. Note that 200d Breadth never did get above 50% and now 50d Breadth is moving back under the 50% line. Not surprisingly, we’re starting to see Volatility creep up again.

There are some striking similarities between the current market and some important prior periods. Let’s look at what they are, and what it could mean.

On May 2, Michael Santoli of CNBC noted the following on Trading Nation:

“As S&P 500 sits at a record, nearly a quarter of stocks are still stuck in a bear market […] at least 20% from 52-week highs.”

This weakness is important to study and discuss. I made this chart to illustrate the idea, with some of my own annotations and thoughts added. What we have is a market that rallied back to prior highs, similar to 2012 and 2016, but many Stocks are still more than 20% below their own highs. In other words, the Trend is strong but Breadth participation is weak.

What happened in 2012 and 2016? Stocks spent months basing near the highs, with two separate pullbacks each time. Exactly like the volatile “red box” consolidations from the very first chart, where we talked about the Trend strength being too high and the mean-reversion that ensued. Everything is tied together and related.

Corrections come when uptrends become extended and Breadth can’t keep up. In 2012 and 2016, the result was that Stocks needed time to rest and gather the energy to move higher.

First, let’s look at 2012:

Now let’s look at 2016:

And back to today:

What could this all mean, and what could we see from here? Following the Summary thoughts shared at the top of this note, here are some ideas I’m carefully balancing and considering, while remaining focused on the bigger picture (and keeping it simple):

  • We may be more than halfway through this correction in terms of price. If the 2012 and 2016 interpretations are correct, and we remain in a Bull market as I believe, the S&P index could perhaps bottom in the low 2700s.
  • Historically, Stocks went through mean-reverting phases that lasted 3-6 months and we’re still not even a month into this one. So it seems we could still be in the very early stages of this process, in terms of time.
  • This could provide plenty of opportunity to slowly accumulate good Stocks as weak hands lose patience, get frustrated or shaken out.
  • It seems the market’s goal here is to frustrate Bulls and Bears with a lot of erratic price movement, while ultimately making little net progress either way.
  • Because of the extreme volatility of 2018, some may fear this will become another massive decline. Since Mr. Market never makes things easy, a sideways range could be equally if not more difficult to deal with.
  • Looking back at history, the good news is that once 2012 and 2016 were out of the way, the following years were excellent for Stocks. The S&P advanced 30% in 2013 and 20% in 2017.
  • Those great advances weren’t a coincidence. Stocks had worked off their extended condition through time, while Breadth improved gradually and individual names began to catch up.
  • When Stocks had finally gathered the energy to rally again, the breakout came and they never looked back. Maybe we’ll see something similar later this year, when everyone becomes exhausted of the headlines and volatility.


Thanks for reading.

If you liked this post, feel free to share it with colleagues and subscribe to the blog to receive future updates. I’ll be revisiting this theme and many others over the next months, on my Twitter account and in bigger thematic pieces here.